In this tutorial I’d like to demonstrate that you don’t need expensive studio flashes to create a complex scene with subtle lighting. I haven’t yet seen anyone else do this quite the same way and there doesn’t seem to be a name for it, so I named the process “zone-lighting”, a form of exposure blending by dividing the scene in different zones. But let’s start with a little bit of background about the project and its concept.
Our biggest and most stressful project in life may be the reinvention and reformation of our own selves. The path is often littered with self-doubt, and it takes real courage to plow through struggle after struggle. The “Seamstress Of Her Own Destiny” tells the true story of a young woman’s dream to become a professional flamenco dancer. She takes her dream very seriously and devotes most of her time and energy to training. But still, she never quite feels that her efforts will suffice. After our kickoff meeting, I developed the concept based on an earlier idea of mine: An old woman sewing a long dress that flows onto the floor and ends in a young, beautiful woman, the old woman’s former self. However the concept of “sewing oneself” could perfectly be applied to the flamenco dancer’s story. In the following weeks, the two main characters were established and a number of rough sketches drawn. A woman in a peasant’s dress is sitting in a dark room and working very hard and desperately on an antique sewing machine. A second woman of ethereal beauty, wearing a gorgeous flamenco dress, is rising from the floor, like a flower growing towards the light of the room’s single window. Included props: A gramophone to signify the relevance of music in the story, and green ivy to signify the process of growth as well as to close a visual loop between the two women.
The Zone-Lighting Process
The photo was shot using only three small speedlights, following a work process I call “zone-lighting”. The inspiration for this technique is the “plate shot” commonly used in commercial photography. Before shooting, I had split the scene up into different zones: persons, props, decorative elements, parts of the room (like the back wall or the ceiling), important transitional zones (e.g. the extended white skirt from the table down to the floor) or simply areas that I needed to light separately for practical reasons.
After the initial setup of the whole scene, making sure everything was in place and in visual balance, I started to work through the zones from back to front – much like a painter covering the canvas layer by layer. My DSLR was locked on a sturdy tripod and tethered to my iPhone using an ad-hoc WiFi connection, so I was able to adjust the lights, trigger the shutter and immediately see the result on my phone display, using the “EOS Remote” app. Working with zones had two major advantages. First, I was able to focus my attention on one image area at a time in order to light it beautifully and with purpose. Furthermore, it didn’t matter if my light stands were somewhere inside the frame, as long as they weren’t in the zone I was currently working on. I just had to make sure to have complete scene coverage with all my zones and that the lighting quality, angles and intensities weren’t too different between neighboring zones.
For the color scheme, I decided to go for a range of cooler color temperatures to underline the mood of the story. I set my camera’s white balance to tungsten, which shifted all lights towards the blue spectrum, including the afternoon sunlight. On the right side of the frame, I added yellow gels (not CTO gels) to the two speedlights and the tungsten white balance transformed their hue from yellow to a pale green. These two strobes and a little bit of trickery were used to mimic the light emanating from the lamp. The backside of the lamp was covered in aluminum foil. Into this reflective surface I shot a speedlight from further behind the lamp. The flash hit the round surface of the aluminum foil and spread to the back wall, ceiling and floor. By mounting that speedlight on a horizontal boom, I made sure the shadow of the stand would fall on an area which would be easy to remove in post. For the lamplight facing the camera, I used a separate speedlight in a beauty dish to direct it wherever needed within a certain zone. I added some example shots to this tutorial, where you can see how I lit different zones separately. To achieve maximum control on the window side, I placed an upright striplight modifier with a speedlight inside next to the window. I kept it there for most of the zones, just pulling it a little closer for the detail shot of the front of the sewing machine.
My model had very little prior modeling experience, but as a dancer she had a highly developed body awareness. When I directed her into a certain pose, she would fall back into it every time, even while throwing her hair back simultaneously. She also managed to push herself up from the floor without looking strained by focusing on being drawn towards the light. So it was rather her back that held her up, while her hands and neck were able to relax.
My post-processing approach can be summarized in these consecutive steps:
- Compositing (saved separately and flattened for use as a starting point for the next steps)
- Beauty Retouching (on her skin, eyes and eye lashes)
- Light dynamics (darkening backgrounds, brightening foregrounds, adding a glow around the lamp and a light beam from the window)
- Color (desaturating the image, especially the red tones from the wooden bars, careful balance of the blue and green side of the image)
- Texturing (a subtle surface texture was applied to the back wall and blended with the natural light pattern from the lamp without the aluminum foil)
- Selective Sharpening (only in key areas, like the: facial expression, patterns in the costumes, brand lettering of the sewing machine).
When combining the images I shot in the zone lighting process, I used either masking to tell photoshop for each photo where its zone is (the part of the image, where I was focussing on in that individual exposure). Under ideal circumstances it’s sufficient to use simply a “lighten” blending mode, because it will simply ignore all pixels that are darker then the pixels of the layer(s) underneath. More often then not, the light equipment still needs to be manually masked out though.
This technique has it’s problems though. Moving objects (like leaves in the wind) will create ghosting (the same way they would in a multi-exposure HDR), also if your camera is not 150% solid on the tripod, using lighten mode will accumulate the noise of all the exposures and of course make the compositing process much more tedious. Wind is the main culprit of camera shake, but even a wooden floor that ever so slightly wobbles can cause problems.
My team and I are really happy with the result and I’d like to thank my model and inspiration Daniela, as well as Roni and Tino, who provided us with the perfect location and props for this shoot with their lovely little museum for antique sewing machines in Dürnten, Switzerland (www.lihaga.ch).
Camera: Canon 6D
Lens: 50mm F/1.4
Flash: three small speedlights triggerd with PocketWizard PlusIIIs (see above text for details)
Modifiers: Lastolite Hotrod Stripbox, Sambesi beauty dish
Color Balance: Tungsten
Post-Production and Compositing: Adobe Photoshop CS6
Tripod: Manfrotto MT057C3 + MH057M0-RC4
Please check out the previous exposé post about this image for a full-size version of the final image.
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